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Explore Tanzania and experience this great country to its fullest extent. Lounge on the beaches of Lake Victoria or Nyasa Lake, then gaze across the Indian Ocean towards the mystical, ever-exotic island of Zanzibar . Safari across the rolling savannahs of the great Serengeti National Park and feast your eyes upon the magnificent Mount Kilimanjaro - the highest, permanently snow-capped mountain in Africa .
Get to know the smiling, friendly people in many of Tanzania 's tiny villages - nearly untouched by modern time - or tour the busy, bustling cities of Dar Es Salaam, Arusha, and Moshi. Global Crossroad's varying safaris and tours in Tanzania provides amazing opportunities to experience Tanzania - a country of exciting extremes
It is a popular destination for day trip visitors who are about to embark from the town of Arusha on longer northern circuit safaris. The small national park includes the slopes, summit, and ash cone of Mt. Meru, the Momela Lakes, Ngurdoto Crater, and the lush highland forests that blanket its lower slopes. Game viewing around the Momela Lakes is at a laid-back and quiet pace, and while passing through the forest many visitors stop to search for troupes of rare colubus monkeys playing in the canopy.
Climbing Mt. Meru or enjoying the smaller trails that criss-cross its lower slopes is a popular activity for visitors to Arusha National Park. The three-day trek to reach the crater’s summit is a quieter, and some say more challenging alternative than the famous peak of nearby Mount Kilimanjaro. Along the lower slopes, the paths to rivers and waterfalls create a relaxing day hike for visitors who don’t want to attempt the rather arduous climb. Ancient fig tree forests, crystal clear waters cascading from mountain streams, and a chance to spot colobus monkeys are the attractions and pleasures of Arusha National Park.
The closest national park to Arusha town – northern Tanzania’s safari capital – Arusha National Park is a multi-faceted jewel, often overlooked by safari goers, despite offering the opportunity to explore a beguiling diversity of habitats within a few hours.
The entrance gate leads into shadowy montane forest inhabited by inquisitive blue monkeys and colourful turacos and trogons – the only place on the northern safari circuit where the acrobatic black-and-white colobus monkey is easily seen. In the midst of the forest stands the spectacular Ngurdoto Crater, whose steep rocky cliffs enclose a wide marshy floor dotted with herds of buffalo and warthog.
Further north, rolling grassy hills enclose the tranquil beauty of the Momela Lakes, each one having a different hue of green or blue. There are shallows sometimes tinged pink with thousands of flamingos. The lakes support a rich selection of resident and migrant waterfowl, and also shaggy waterbucks that display their large lyre-shaped horns on the watery fringes. Giraffes glide across the grassy hills, between grazing zebra herds, whilst pairs of wide-eyed dik-dik dart into scrubby bush like overgrown hares on spindly legs.
Although elephants are uncommon in Arusha National Park, and lions are absent altogether, leopards and spotted hyenas may be seen slinking around in the early morning and late afternoon. It is also at dusk and dawn that the veil of cloud on the eastern horizon is most likely to clear, revealing the majestic snow-capped peaks of Kilimanjaro, which is only 50km (30 miles) away.
But it is Kilimanjaro’s unassuming cousin, Mount Meru – the fifth highest mountain in Africa at 4,566 metres (14,990 feet) – that dominates the park’s horizon. With its peaks and eastern foot slopes protected within the national park, Meru offers unparalleled views of its famous neighbour, while also forming a rewarding hiking destination in its own right.
Passing first through wooded savannah where buffalos and giraffes are frequently encountered, the ascent of Meru leads into forests aflame with red-hot pokers and dripping with Spanish moss, before reaching highly open heath spiked with giant lobelias. Everlasting flowers cling to the alpine desert, as delicately-hoofed klipspringers mark the hike’s progress. Astride the craggy summit, Kilimanjaro stands unveiled, blushing in the sunrise.
Tarangire National Park is the sixth largest national park in Tanzania after Ruaha, Serengeti, Mikumi, Katavi and Mkomazi. The national park is located in Manyara Region. Its name originates from the Tarangire River that crosses through the park and is the only source of water for wild animals during the dry season. Thousands of wild animals migrate to the Tarangire National Park from the Manyara National Park.
The park is famous for its large number of elephants, baobab trees and tree climbing lions. Tourists can expect to see any number of resident zebras and wildebeests and other less common animals. Other common animals include waterbuck, giraffe and olive baboons. It is also home to more than 550 bird species and the swamps are the focus of the largest selection of breeding birds. The park is also famous for the termite moulds that dot the landscape and the abandoned ones are often seen to be home for the dwarf mongoose.
is a shallow lake in the Natron-Manyara-Balangida branch of the East African Rift in Manyara Region of Tanzania. It is home to a set of diverse landscapes and wildlife. The Lake Manyara National Park is about 127 square miles (329km2) of which about 89 square miles (213km2) is covered by the waters (alkaline with a pH of about 9.5) of Lake Manyara.
The Lake and its environs are well known for wild attractions such as the baboons, wildebeests, Buffaloes, elephants, giraffes and warthogs. From around the park gates giant fig trees and mahogany can be seen in the ground water forest where they draw nourishment from underground springs replenished continuously from the crater highlands directly above the Manyara basin. Leading away from the forest to the fringes of the Lake Manyara are the flood plains. To the south are visible Acacia woodlands. Leopards although in abundance, are hard to get a glimpse of just like the other elusive carnivores – the lions of this park. The park is also rich in birds like flamingoes, long-crested eagle and grey-headed kingfisher.
The Rift Valley escarpment forms a noteworthy landmark providing a spectacular backdrop to the Lake Manyara. To the esat of Lake Manyara lies the Kwakuchinja wildlife corridor that allows wildlife to migrate between dispersal areas and parks that include Tarangire National Park to the southeast, Lake Manyara to the west and the Rift Valley, Ngorongoro Highlands and the Serengeti National Park to the north.
is situated in the Mara Region and it is Tanzania’s oldest national park. It is famous for its annual migration of over 1.5 million white bearded or brindled wildebeests and over 250,000 zebras and for its numerous crocodiles. It is also known for its wealth in other resident wildlife particularly ‘the Big Five’. Serengeti is believed to hold the largest population of Lions in Africa due to the abundance of prey species. Leopards are commonly seen in the Seronera region but are present throughout the park. The African elephant are recovering from population lows due to poaching in the 1980’s and are largely found in the northern regions of the park. Black Rhinoceros are mainly found around the kopjes in the center of the park. African Buffaloes are still in abundance.
The park also boasts of other species including cheetah, gazelles, topi, hyena, impala, eland, African wild dog, waterbuck, baboons, and giraffes. It is also home for about 500 bird species including ostrich, kori bustard, crowned crane, secretary bird, lovebirds, marabou stork, martifal eagle and many other vulture species.
The Serengeti is one of the most iconic destinations in the world, so no wonder it’s one of
Tanzania’s top attractions
. The subject of many nature documentaries, the park is host to the dramatic
, where millions of wildebeest, zebras and gazelles must cross the Mara River.
Between June and October, travellers can witness this epic event: the clouds of dust, hooves pummelling the earth, the grunts and splashing of herds crossing the river — some inevitably falling prey to the waiting crocodiles. But that’s not all. On the vast Serengeti plains, you can spot cheetahs scanning from the top of a termite mound, lions beginning their prowl at dusk and herds of browsing elephants moving from tree to tree.
River crossings are seen in the northern Serengeti, but outside migration season, these plains are largely free of safari-goers making it a great time to travel. The wildebeest herds gather in the south from December to February to feed on the lush grass and drop their young. And in the east, you’ll find a high concentration of lion, leopard and cheetah. Serengeti safaris usually start at Kilimanjaro International Airport, just outside
Arusha, from where you’ll catch a light aircraft flight. Alternatively, fly to
Ngorongoro Crater for your first safari and then take a three-hour drive to your next camp in the Serengeti.
The Serengeti is an excellent year-round destination, though there are events for example, the wildebeest river crossings that are only seen at certain times of the year. Our migration camps move around the Serengeti with the herds, while Sayari,
are open all year for exceptional game viewing in the northern, central and eastern Serengeti.
The Great Migration moves in a continuous cycle around the Serengeti and
Kenya’s Masai Mara. The most popular time to see the herds is when they cross the Mara and Grumeti rivers from June to October, but another great time to visit is January to March, when the wildebeest are calving in the south.
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA) is located 180km west of Arusha in the Crater Highlands of Tanzania. Ngorongoro Crater is a large volcanic caldera. A population of approximately 25,000 large animals mostly the ungulates alongside the highest density of mammalian predators in Africa live is the Ngorongoro Crater. Large animals in the crater include the hippopotamus even though they are not very common, black rhinoceros. There are also wildebeests, zebras, elands and gazelles. It is home to ‘the Big Five’.
The crater has one of the densest known populations of lions. On the crater rim are leopards, elephants, mountain reedbuck and buffaloes. The rhinoceros are also found at the crater. From a distance in the large lake in the middle of the crater hundreds of flamingoes form a pink like border to the lake. Animals in the crater include most of the species found in East Africa but there are no topis, giraffes, impalas, oribis or crocodiles.
The other major source of water in the crater is Ngoitokitok Spring near the eastern crater wall. There is a picnic site here open to tourists and huge swamp fed by the spring and the area is inhibited by hippopotamus, elephants, lions and many others. Many other small springs can be found around the crater’s floor and they are important water supplies for the animals and local Maasai people.
The conservation area protects Olduvai Gorge, situated in the plains area. It is considered to be the seat of humanity after the discovery of the earliest known specimens of the human genus, Homo habilis as well as early Hominidae such as Paranthropus boisei. The Oldvai Gorge or Oldupai Gorge is a steep-sided ravine in the Great Rift Valley which stretches along East Africa.