by maintaining a slow steady pace from day one giving enough time for your body to adapt to the altitude. “pole pole” is a common Swahili phrase translating to slowly, which is now a norm among hikers climbing Mount Kilimanjaro
including an extra day of acclimatization at a high altitude
drinking at least 3-4 liters of water every day.
Preventative medicine is also available and you should consult your physician for specialist advice.
Most hikers get minor effects of altitude sickness that they can hike through but to some it can get severe inability to walk, shortness of breath at rest, fluid buildup in the lungs.
Fluid build-up may cause a condition known as edema, which can affect your lungs (High Altitude Pulmonary Edema) preventing effective oxygen exchange or affect the brain (High Altitude Cerebral Edema) which will result in the swelling of the brain tissue. The latter can be lethal if not treated immediately.
Hypothermia is the lowering of the body’s core temperature.
Cause, if you clothing get wet or perspiration meaning the cold will now be under your clothing layers and will lead to falling of your body temperature
Prevention, correct equipment and clothing is critical, proper layers of clothing (moisture wicking fabric) will prevent hypothermia.
Treatment, is by getting to a shelter, removing all wet clothing and getting the victim warm (placing him/her inside two or three sleeping bags preferably with another person)
About 55% of the earth’s protective atmosphere is below an altitude of 5000m. Far less ultraviolet light is being filtered out, making the sun’s rays much more powerful, which could result in severe sun burning of the skin.
-It is strongly recommended to use a 20+ sun protection cream at lower altitudes,
-total block cream above an altitude of 3000m.
-It is also important to wear dark sun glasses preferably with side panels above 4000m in daytime and essential when walking through snow or ice. Snow blindness can be very painful, and will require your eyes to be bandaged for at least 24 hours.
-Poor fitting, new or little used boots will result in blistering feet. Even if boots are only slightly to small, your toes will get bruised, particularly on your descend.
-It is it therefore also important to keep your toe nails short for the climb.
-Developing blister should be treated immediately as soon as the “hot spot” is felt. Remove the boot and cover the area with a zinc oxide tape or something similar.